Hearing loss is a decrease in hearing sensitivity due to congenital or acquired problems. Hearing disability is the state of deficiencies caused by the decrease in hearing sensitivity in the individual.
Hearing loss, which is congenital or starts in the first years of life, has negative effects on the individual’s understanding of speech, acquisition of mother tongue and development of cognitive skills. Hearing-impaired individuals need special education in order to acquire language, to perceive sound stimuli in normal environments and to develop their ability to react appropriately to those stimuli.
Today, hearing loss diagnosis can be made to many individuals at a young age, even at birth, and better hearing can be achieved with hearing aids. It is possible for the individual to perceive and learn to speak with special education, family education and support education, and to communicate in this way, at various levels depending on the degree of hearing loss and the effectiveness of the early education services provided.
The accepted aims in the education of the hearing impaired individual should be related to improving the hearing skills of the individual by enabling the individual to use the hearing aid during all waking hours, teaching the interpretation of sounds and ensuring the participation of the family in this process. Even mild or moderate hearing loss
If the individual cannot benefit from special education services, the consequences of hearing impairment will progress negatively.