What is Autism? 

Autism is a congenital, genetic, complex neurobiological development disorder. It is usually diagnosed before the age of 3 and prevents the individual to interact with the environment and therefore forces the individual to stay alone by himself and has a negative effect on social communications, interactions and behaviors.

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Does My Child Have Autism?

Infancy

• Small melodic babbling

- Acts as if not hearing

- Indifference

- Avoids eye contact

- In some group of babies, sleeplessness, uneasiness, sleep disturbance and nonadoptive behavior can be seen.

- These babies are commonly referred as uneasy.

- Another group can be passive and calm. These babies spend all day in bed. Caring of this group is relatively easy but their general irrelevance and lack of interest stand out.

- In the first years they can be emotionally indifferent to sounds or noises or get irritated by the sounds that we can’t hear.

- They can stare dully or blankly.

- They can be unresponsive to pain, ache and cold.

- Repetitive shaking of the head or the body.

- Low muscle tone.

- Using less facial mimic.

- At 18th to 24th months a child responds to a person in distress. Responding to other people’s emotions is not present in low functioning autistics however it can be seen in high functioning autistics.

- In 2nd year loss of ability can be seen. Especially in 15th to 18th month regression can peak. 

Language and Speaking Abilities in Autism

The functions listed below are very important in process of development in child.

- Vocalization with voiceless consonants in infancy.

- Presence of babbling.

- Playing games symbolically.

- Using gestures differently and often.

- Presence of pointing out.

- Parents’ style of communication, responsiveness.

Apart from these, sound and gesture imitation, intelligence, the age starting the special education, duration of the special education, presence of epilepsy and presence of echolalia are very important factors in speaking.

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Behavioral Problems

- Temper tantrums and screams.

- Damaging the environment.

- Single type body movements. 

Repetitive Behaviors and Obsession

- Odd repetitive movements can be seen in children with autism.

- Flicking with fingers, flapping like a bird, rocking back-and-forth can consume a child’s hours.

- Some can dangle their arms to right and left or walk tip toe, some can freeze in a position.

- Individuals with autism are inclined to repeat some actions so many times. A child with autism can try to line up crackers on a single line for hours.

- They can try to align their toys side by side, on a single line and try to look at them in a special way like at the edge of their eyes.

- Most the children with autism would like to eat the same food and sit at the same place.

- A change in the furniture or routine, for example, going to school on a different way, can cause significant stress.

- Repetitive behaviors and obsessions limit child’s ability to play imaginary games. The child can stuck to a piece of a toy and spend hours shaking, spinning and smelling. 

The cure for autism is the special education beginning in early ages.

 

The fist important step for the cure for autism is early diagnosis. Early diagnosis is the very first and important step for a child to survive and get the necessary education.

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Autism Incidence

Every 20 minutes an individual is diagnosed with autism.

Boys are 4 times more likely to be diagnosed than girls and 1 of each 54 baby boys are born with autism.

Scientific research show us that with early diagnosis and right education, symptoms of autism can be controlled up to 50%, improvements can be made and in some cases the individual can live a normal life once has hit puberty. 

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